## Electronics Engineering Graduate Course Contents

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## Fall Term Compulsory Courses

### ELE503E Active Network Synthesis, (3+0)

Network functions, frequency and impedance normalization, types of filters, approximation, a brief overview of passive network synthesis, synthesis of double-resistance-terminated lossless ladder networks, amplifiers and fundamental active building blocks, opamp-, OTA-, CCII-based integrators, gyrators and immittance converters, second-order filters, single-amplifier active RC biquads, multiple amplifier RC biquads, OTA-based filters, the effects of active nonidealities. High-order filter realization, pole-zero pairing, multiple-loop feedback realiz ations, LC ladder simulations, fully-integrated high-frequency filter realisations, transconductance filters, switched-capacitor filters. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE615E Modeling of Semiconductor Components and Devices, (3+0)

Modeling concept. Modeling of the junction diode: Static and dynamic parameters. SPICE diode model. Modelling of the BJT. Ebers-Moll equations; EM1 EM2 and EM3 models, Gummel-Poon model, SPICE BJT model. Modified EM model. JFET models. MOSFET models: SPICE Level-1, Level-2, Level-3 and Level-4 models, MOSFET models with extended accuracy. Macromodels: Op-Amp., Comparator, operational transconductance amplifier (OTA), Current Conveyor, Analog Multiplier Macromodels. Measurement of model parameters. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE514 System Theory , (3+0)

Mathematical background: Linear spaces, linear transformations, normed linear spaces, convergens. Axiomatic definitions of systems, state transition and read-out functions. Time varying linear systems, state transition matrix: zero-state and zero-input responses. Impulse response. Time-invariant systems: exponential of a matrix, matrix functions, canonical forms, transfer function matrices. Controllability, observability and stability definitions, criteria in linear time invariant and/or varying system and, decomposition theorems . Realization, minimal realization problem and methods. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE519 Mathematical Methods in Electrical Engineering, (3+0)

Metric spaces. Definition of metric space. Examples as Euclidean metric, metric in sequence space, function space, discrete metric space, Minkowski, Cauchy-Shwarz inequalities. Convergence and completeness. Banach space. Definition of normed space. Linear operators, functionals and their properties. As an application, Banach fixed point theorem. Inner product space. Hilbert space and properties of inner product spaces. Orthogonal complements and othonormal sets and sequences. Self adjoint , unitary and normal operators. Spectral Theory.As an application, approximation theory, radial basis functions. Further applications: Stability analysis of dynamical systems, optimization techniques. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### KOM 505E Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes, (3+0)

Random variables, distribution function, probability mass and density functions; multivariate random variables, joint distributions, functions of random variables, conditional distributions; expected value, moments and related concepts; moment generating function, characteristic function; some special continuous and discrete distributions; random processes, basic definitions, stationary and independent processes, ergodicity; Poisson, Wiener, Gauss, Markov processes; the concepts of stochastic continuity, derivative, integral; the concept of power spectrum. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE 596 Seminar (2+0) without credit

Seminars are given by lecturers, invited speakers and students who are registered to the course. Students' presentations may be within the scope of their thesis or on a topic related to the electronics Engineering. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

## Fall Term Elective Courses

### ELE501E Noise in Electronic Devices and Systems, (3+0)

Noise behaviour of BJTs, Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors, GaAs MESFETs, HEMTs, MOS and SiGe Transistors, The gain and noise optimization in HEMT, RF MOS and SiGe Transistor front end amplifiers, Noise behaviour of Schotky Barrier Diode, GaAs MESFET, RF MOS and SiGe Transistor Mixers, Noise in Parametric Amplifiers and Up-Converters, Noise in MESFET Distributed Amplifiers Distributed Mixers, Noise Parameters of Cascaded and Parallel Connected Networks, The phase noise in RF MOS and MESFET Oscillators, Noise Figure Measurment Techniques. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE505E Low Voltage Analog Integrated Circuit Design, (3+0)

Low voltage analog circuits in CMOS technology. Current generators, current mirrors, single stage and multi stage operational amplifiers. Output stages. Rail to rail input and output stages. Fully differential structures. Comparators. Voltage and current references, sample and hold circuits. Digital-to-analog converters and analog-to-digital converters. Continuous time and switched capacitor filters. Phased locked loops. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE509E Current-Mode Analog Circuit Design, (3+0)

Introduction. Bipolar and MOS current mirrors. Current-mode circuits: The translinear principle, multipliers and dividers, the translinear cross-quad, minimum and maximum functions, trigonometric functions. Current-mode building blocks: The current conveyor, current followers, current-mode feedback amplifiers, operational floating conveyor, current-mode operational amplifiers. Dynamic current mirrors and some applications. Current-mode circuit applications: Current integrators, switched current filters, current-mode analog/digital and digital/analog converters (ADC, DAC), current copier circuits and their applications. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE523E Computational Nanoelectronics, (3+0)

An overview of emerging nanoscale technologies with a comparison of CMOS-based technologies. Probabilistic and deterministic computing models for emerging technologies in circuit level. Analysis and synthesis of the models exploiting computer-aided design (CAD) tools. Optimization of the circuit models regarding area, power consumption, speed, and accuracy. Uncertainty and defects in emerging technologies. Defect tolerance techniques for permanent and transient errors. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE603E Advanced Topics in Electronics I, (3+0)

In this course, contributions from faculty members and/or experts in the field from various academic institutions regarding the latest innovations is aimed. In this course, each year different advanced topics are covered. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE605E RF Circuit Design, (3+0)

Indefinate Admittance Matrix, Scattering and Chain Scattering Matrix, Stability and Gain Definations, Signal Flow Graphs, Unilateral and Bilateral Amplifier Equations and Power Gain Circles, Noise Figure Circles, Gain and Stability Circles for the Bilateral Amplifiers, Noise Parameters, Wave Concept for the Noise Power and the Noise Circles, Graphical Representation of the Noise Measure, LNA Design Examples, Design Examples by Using Large Signal S Parameters, Design Steps in General Broadband Matching, Real Frequency Technique for Broadband Matching, Two Port Oscillator Design Techniques, The Generalized Equations for the Serial and Parallel Type Oscillators. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE609E Low-power Electronic System Design, (3+0)

System-level models and design issues: Definition of system, resources, architectural templates, communication architectures, hardware/software partitioning. Hardware power optimisation: Choice of data representation, data correlations, bus encoding and bus interface design, memory design, processor design. Dynamic power management: Requirements, power management policies, implementation examples. Projects: Design experiments, using prototype tools. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

## Spring Term Compulsory Courses

### ELE512 Advanced Analog Integrated Circuit Design, (3+0)

Basic relations characterizing MOS behaviour. Basic MOS subcircuits: Diode connection, current sources, reference voltage sources, Amplifier stages, CMOS operational amplifiers, CMOS OTA design, CMOS current conveyors, Design of CMOS analog multipliers. Design of CMOS oscillators: s-C oscillators, CMOS relaxation oscillators, CMOS OTA-C oscillators, current-conveyor based RC oscillators. Analogue signal processing: s-C filters, CMOS OTA-C active filters, current-conveyor based RC filters. Analog circuit blocks for subthreshold operation. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE514E System Theory, (3+0)

[Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE519 Mathematical Methods in Electrical Engineering, (3+0)

Metric spaces. Definition of metric space. Examples as Euclidean metric, metric in sequence space, function space, discrete metric space, Minkowski, Cauchy-Shwarz inequalities. Convergence and completeness. Banach space. Definition of normed space. Linear operators, functionals and their properties. As an application, Banach fixed point theorem. Inner product space. Hilbert space and properties of inner product spaces. Orthogonal complements and othonormal sets and sequences. Self adjoint , unitary and normal operators. Spectral Theory.As an application, approximation theory, radial basis functions. Further applications: Stability analysis of dynamical systems, optimization techniques. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

## Spring Term Elective Courses

### ELE502E Heterostructure Transistor Technologies and Applications, (3+0)

GaAs LSI Fabrication Technology and Circuit Design, MESFET Modelling and Parameter Extraction, Large Signal Models of GaAs FET’s for Power Amplifier Design, Basic Building Blocks Realized by GaAs MESFETs, Wideband Amplifiers Using GaAs MESFETs and Compensation Technique, Design of Mixers and Oscillator Structures by Using GaAs MESFET and Related Elements, HEMT Device Technologies, AlGaAs/GaAs HEMT DC and Microwave Models + Applications, HEMT Low-Noise Amplifiers Design & Performance, SiGe Transistor Process Technologies, SiGe Transistor Models and Applications, SiGe Transistors Wideband Amplifiers and AGC Amplifiers. [PDF Broken LINK]

### ELE504 Digital MOS Integrated Circuit Design, (3+0)

Small-geometry MOSFETs. D.C. and switching characteristics of inverters (review and design). Combinational MOS logic circuits, design criteria for CMOS NAND and NOR gates. Transmission gate logic. Bistable logic elements. Schmitt trigger circuits. Design of synchronous NMOS and synchronous CMOS logic, Dynamik logic. Programmable logic arrays and memories. Electrical characteristics, architecture, design methods and examples, simulation and computer aided design of MOS digital integrated circuits. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE506E Sensitivity and Tolerance Analysis, (3+0)

Sensitivities: Relative, semi-relative, absolute sensitivities. Single and multi parameter sensitivities. Transfer, magnitude and phase function sensitivities. Relations between sensitivities. Determination of sensitivities: Signal flow graph, return difference, adjoint network and auxillary network approaches. Tolerances. Sensitivity measures and minimization of the sensitivities. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE508E RF-Microelectronics, (3+0)

Radio Transceiver Technology Requirements, Consumer Wireless Communication Standarts and Applications, Transceiver Architectures, Low-Power RF ICs for Mobile Communication, LNA Topologies used in RFICs; Single-Ended and Balanced Configurations, Mixer Topologies used in RFICs; Single-Ended and Balanced Configurations, Noise Analysis of the Active Mixers, RF Power Amplifier Topologies, Linearization Techniques for the IC Power Amplifiers, RF Oscillator Configurations, RF Frequency Synthesizers, High Efficiency Power Amplifiers using Dynamic Power Supply Voltage. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE510 Advanced Logic Circuit Design, (3+0)

State reduction in completely specified machines. State assignment in synchronous sequential circuits. Analysis of asynchronous sequential circuits. Design of asynchronous sequential circuits. State reduction in incompletely specified machines. State assignment methods. Hazards in asynchronous sequential circuits, iterative circuits, sequential arrays. [PDF-Broken-LINK]

### ELE602 Basic Processes in VLSI technologies, (3+0)

An overview of microelectronic technology, comparison of silicon and III-V compoun semiconductor technologies. Basic processes of microelectronic fabrication. Lithography and equipments of pattern transfer. Basic concepts of gases and plasma. Formation of solid thin films by CVD and PVD methods. Oxide, nitride and polysilicon thin layers and their use by VLSI and ULSI technology. Doping processes; ion implementation diffusion and epitaxy. Dry etching of different layers. Contact formation and multilevel metallization in VLSI. Isolation techniques in VLSI and ULSI. Examples for CMOS and BiCMOS process integration. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE603E Advanced Topics in Electronics, (3+0)

In this course, contributions from faculty members and/or experts in the field from various academic institutions regarding the latest innovations is aimed. In this course, each year different advanced topics are covered. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE604 Artificial Neural Networks in Electronic Circuit Design, (3+0)

Artificial neural networks (ANN)in computer aided design amd modelling of electronic circuits and elements.ANN structures used for modelling electronic circuits and elements. ANNs’ used in designing RF/microwave elements and circuits. Solving optimization problems encountered in VLSI design using ANN. Knowledge-based ANN structures. [PDF-Broken-LINK]

### ELE606 Elastic Wave Devices and Applications, (3+0)

Acoustic bulk and surface waves in isotropic and anisotropic media. Investigations of elastic wave devices as an analog and/or digital device. Piezoelectric transducers, actuators, Acoustic delay lines, Band pass filters. IDT transducers, Analog cellular transceivers, digital cellular transceivers, waveguides, convolvers and correlators, Akusto-optic interaction and devices. Acoustic wave oscillators, SAW antenna duplexer ladder filters. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE608E Phase Locked Systems, (3+0)

A review of feedback systems, phase and frequency-lock concepts, phase-locked loops(PLL), loop analysis, stability, acquisition and tracking, phase noise, noise performance, loop filters, detectors, voltage-controlled oscillators (VCO), crystal VCOs (XVCO), reference oscillators, dividers, prescalers, PLL synthesizers, offset loops, multiple loops, fractional-N synthesis, angle modulation/demodulation with PLLs, digital PLLS, example systems, design and analysis of PLLs with computers, direct-digital synthesizers (DDS). [PDF-Broken-LINK]

### ELE610E BSIM3 ile MOSFET Modelleme ve Analog Devre Tasarımı (MOSFET Modeling and Analog Circuit Design with BSIM3), (3+0)

Fundemantal equaitons and concepts in Solid State. Fundemantals of MOSFET modeling based on physical behaviour. MOSFET current-voltage model of BSIM3. Analog Circuit Design with BSIM3. Quasi-static modeling of MOSFET dynamics. Noise models of MOSFET. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE612E Design of Integrated Data Converters, (3+0)

Data Converter fundamentals, Performance limitations, Comparators, Track&Hold circuits, Nyquist-rate ADC Architectures: Flash, Two-step converters, Pipelined, Succesive approximation, Integrating Converters, Charge redistribution, Resistor-capacitor hybrid, Algorithmic (or cyclic), Folding & interpolating, Time-interleaved, Nyquist-rate DAC Architectures: Resistor-ladder architectures, Charge redistribution, Hybrid converters, Currentsteering architectures. Oversampling converters: Oversampling without noise shaping, Oversampling with noise shaping, System architecture of Delta-Sigma ADCs and DACs, Digital decimation filters, High order modulators. [Course Catalogue Form with ECTS Credits]

### ELE614E Microelectronics Circuits in Optical Communication Systems, (3+0)

Introduction to F/O Communication, Evaluation of the System Blocks; Basic Concepts, Data Formats and Coding Methods, Noise Effects, Phase Noise; Optical Devices, Laser Types and Characteristics, F/O Cables, Loss and Dispersion, PIN Diodes, System Parameters; Transimpedance Amplifiers, Bandwidth, Signal to Noise Ratio Calculations, Low and High frequency behaviours, feedback amps. Limiting and buffer amps., broadbanding techniques, fT Doublers, Distributed Amps. Ring Type and LC Oscillators, VCOs, Tuning Methods; Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) Principles, PLL Dynamics, Charge Pumped PLLs, Frequency Multiplication and Synthesizers, Clock and Data Recovery; Multiplexers (MUX) and Laser Drivers, MUX Architecture, Frequency Dividers and Laser Driving Circuits. [PDF-Broken-LINK]